Someone asked me what are the greatest myths that people hold today.
The biggest myths are probably this:
first, that popularity is more likely to make something true rather than false.
second, that authority is more likely to make something true rather than false.
third, fourth and fifth, that there is something called the scientific method which the scientific community uses which grants it legitimate authority.
These are the main epistemological myths. The number of domain-specific myths are legion.
There is the myth that democracy is electioneering, thus that Cuba is less democratic than France, let alone Canada, let alone the USA.
In physics there is the myth that nondeterminism is intelligible and meaningful.
In metaphysics there is the myth of functional eliminationism, that qualia do not exist.
In politics there are the myths that human rights are anything other than a communist programme and that property is in any way compatible with human rights.
In economics, that financial (aka mainstream, Austrian, Chicago, etc) economics has any bearing to reality and is anything other than a rationalization for economic predation.
There is the myth of Relativism in anthropology, the myth that anthropology is a science instead of an anti-science. The myth that history is a science instead of record-keeping.
There is the myth that human cognition is unitary, that it can't be categorized in levels.
There is the myth that morality applies universally to all humans regardless of cognitive capacity.
There is the myth that genetic diversity is more important than intellectual diversity.
There is the myth that physical reality is magically different from mathematics.
There is the myth of magic, of descendance, of origins, of provenance, of essence, which inflicts all magical thinkers.
There is the myth that the past was better, that the elitism and exceptionalism of feudalism is "grand".
There is the myth that sacred (fearsome and incomprehensible) is good and profane (understood and controlled) is bad.
The most personal myth is that your parents weren't abusive when you grew up because hey, you love your parents right?
The greatest of all domain-specific myths is that complex systems (humans, cities, societies, countries, economies, even transportation networks) are linearalizable. That they can be reduced down to linear superpositions of component parts.
But if you give up the first five, the rest fall down one after the other like dominos.
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